If you smoke, you’re at greater risk for eye diseases like age-related macular degeneration and cataracts.
2. Exposure to dangerous work
Working with things like power tools can put your eyes at risk. Avoid injury by always wearing eye protection.
3. UV rays
Prolonged exposure to sunlight can have negative effects on eyesight. Wear sunglasses whenever outside.
4. Eye strain
If work requires staring at something close to the face for long periods of time, eye fatigue can set in. The 20-20-20 rule says to look up from work every 20 minutes and stare at something 20 feet away for 20 seconds to prevent the strain.
5. Sleeping in contacts
If the contacts aren’t prescribed for overnight use, make sure to take them out at the end of the day.
6. Using saliva as contact solution
Contacts require specific formulas of solution to maintain eye health and saliva doesn’t cut it.
7. Expired contact solution
Once the expiration date has passed, it’s time for some fresh solution to keep contacts and eyes healthy.
8. Wearing contacts too long
If the contacts are disposable, wearing them beyond their intended use can result in ulcers, pain, and even vision loss.
9. Dirty hands touching contacts
If hands have not been washed before contacts are put in, it increases the risk of infection. Be sure to wash your hands before handling your contacts.
10. Poor diet
Carrots’ effect on vision may not be as radical as some believe, but a variety of vegetables can improve and maintain eyesight health.
11. Prolonged screen time
A long period of time spent staring at a screen close to the face can negatively effect the eyes, especially in children. Take some time to put the devices away.
Diseases such as diabetes can increase the risk of eye problems. Keeping the whole body healthy can help with eye health as well.
Repeated exposure to chlorine in the pool can have a negative effect on the eye’s corneal epithelium. Make sure to wear goggles when swimming.
14. Rubbing eyes
Communicable diseases are often transferred by hands. Be sure to keep them washed to prevent germs and avoid rubbing your eyes to keep bacteria away from them.
15. Staying up
Lack of sleep can cause eyes to feel dry and irritable, leading to the urge to rub them. A tired mind may also suffer decreased cognition in visual tasks.
If eyes begin to feel dry and irritated, it could be the result of allergies. Avoid any allergens if possible and use eye drops to mitigate the pain and irritation.
A variety of chemicals can harm eyes, from cleaning solutions to hand soap, can cause irritation and pain in the eye. Use proper precaution when around caustic chemicals and use eye protection when possible.
18. Bare heads outside
Sunglasses can help prevent a lot of UV rays from getting into the eyes, but the protection is not complete. Wearing a hat with a brim when outside can add another layer of protection.
19. Dust or sand
Abrasive elements such as dust or small bits of wood and plants can cause serious irritation in the eye. Woodworking and yard work can specifically create long term eye injuries. Take care when working outside and wear eye protection when possible.
20. Out of date prescriptions
Start the year off right with an optometrist appointment to make sure all glasses/contacts prescriptions are up to date.
Avoiding these dangers and keeping regular appointments with your optometrist can help keep eyesight 20/20 throughout the 2020s.