Keeping your vision healthy is a top priority over the course of your life. The world has so much to offer that you can’t afford to miss seeing it. That is why eye exams are so important; they ensure that you have the best possible vision and catch any issues that may come up so that they can be treated early. That said, there is a lot that an eye exam can reveal, and it can save you a fortune in money and memories down the road.
There are many different diseases that can affect the eyes, and some of the most common ones are hardly noticeable until it is too late. In order to give you a better picture as to why eye exams are so important, here is a list of four different diseases that can be discovered through them.
1. If you have Glaucoma
This disease affects the optic nerve, which sends signals from the retina to the brain. This disease is dangerous because it has no telling symptoms. It is created through eye pressure, which comes with old age or the use of steroid medication, and physical changes to the nerves in the eye, which can only be detected under a microscope. Since there are no symptoms, it may not be caught until it is too late to treat effectively. An eye exam is able to gauge the intensity of the two factors leading to the disease to see how far along it may be and if something should be done about it. Given enough time, it can lead to vision loss or blindness.
2. If you’re showing signs of Cataracts
Eyes have lenses, much like a camera, that take in and filter light to create a picture in the retina, which is sent to the brain to be decoded into what we see. Sometimes, these lenses become cloudy, which is called a cataract. The longer this goes untreated, the worse your vision becomes, from having difficulty seeing in lower light to difficulty in making out shapes and features in broad daylight. Catching this early through an eye exam will help in the long run through cataract surgery. This saves time, money, and is much more comfortable with the alternative later on when things are worse.
3. If you have Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
The macula is part of the retina and helps with your sharp, forward vision, such as reading or driving. AMD accounts for vision loss in people 60 or over in one of two ways. The first, which makes up the majority of cases, is called dry AMD, which is the aging and thinning of the macula. Wet AMD is the minority, and causes severe loss of vision through the formation of abnormal blood vessels under the retina. While dry AMD currently has no cure, wet does. In both cases, taking a vision exam will help tremendously in fixing or adjusting your eyesight for AMD.
4. If you’ve suffered Retinal Detachment
When the retina becomes detached from the underlying tissue, your vision begins to suffer. Symptoms can be gradual or sudden and range from sudden flashes of light to blurring or darkness of vision. If the retina is not reattached soon after it detaches, vision loss can be permanent, so getting a vision exam shortly after the first symptoms begin can save your sight.